by I B Vijayalakshmi, Acute Rheumatic Fever And Chronic Rheumatic Heart Disease Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Acute Rheumatic Fever And Chronic Rheumatic Heart Disease book, This book provides a comprehensive guide to Acute Rheumatic Fever (ARF) and Chronic Rheumatic Heart Disease RHD). Beginning with a review of the history of these conditions, the text continues with a discussion on the pathology and diagnosis of both ARF and RHD, the role of echocardiography, management of the conditions, including during pregnancy; treatment and much more. The book is accompanied by a DVD of echocardiographic videos to assist in the detection and diagnosis of the diseases.
by Dr. Scott Dougherty, Acute Rheumatic Fever And Rheumatic Heart Disease E Book Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Acute Rheumatic Fever And Rheumatic Heart Disease E Book book, Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease is a concise, yet comprehensive, clinical resource highlighting must-know information on rheumatic heart disease and acute rheumatic fever from a global perspective. Covering the major issues dominating the field, this practical resource presents sufficient detail for a deep and thorough understanding of the latest treatment options, potential complications, and disease management strategies to improve patient outcomes. Divided into four distinct sections for ease of navigation: Acute Rheumatic Fever, Rheumatic Heart Disease, Population-Based Strategies for Disease Control, and Acute and Emergency Presentations. International editors and chapter authors ensure a truly global perspective. Covers all clinical aspects, including epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical features, diagnosis, management, and treatment. Includes key topics on population-based measures for disease control for effective primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Consolidates today’s available information and guidance into a single, convenient resource.
by Rachel Helena Webb, Rheumatic Heart Disease In New Zealand Children Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rheumatic Heart Disease In New Zealand Children book, Background: Acute rheumatic fever and its sequela chronic rheumatic heart disease result from a dysregulated immune response to group A streptococcal pharyngitis. In New Zealand, acute rheumatic fever rates in children of Māori and Pacific ethnicity are amongst the highest in the world. The epidemiology of acute rheumatic fever is well-understood, due to national-level surveillance and rheumatic fever registers maintained by District Health Boards. However there are many knowledge gaps surrounding the epidemiology and impact of chronic rheumatic heart disease. Rheumatic heart disease prevalence is not nationally monitored, it may occur in individuals who do not report a prior history of acute rheumatic fever, and typically it causes no symptoms unless advanced valvular heart disease is present. Echocardiography may enable rheumatic heart disease to be detected at an earlier stage. Methods: A focused literature review was undertaken to describe the disease spectrum of rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart disease, and approaches to clinical management, prevention and control. The epidemiology of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in New Zealand was reviewed and assessed in two parts, namely, up until 2010, and the current decade from 2011 onwards. Original investigations were undertaken to determine the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in high-risk New Zealand populations using portable echocardiography. Additional studies were undertaken to derive normative echocardiographic data from high and low risk populations to refine echocardiographic diagnostic criteria for rheumatic heart disease. Further investigations were conducted to investigate selected clinical outcomes of rheumatic heart disease in children, in particular the morbidity and mortality associated with heart valve surgery, and the role of rheumatic heart disease as a predisposing factor infective endocarditis. Results: In New Zealand, high rates of rheumatic fever amongst Māori and Pacific peoples have persisted for several decades and there are now widening ethnic disparities, with highest rates observed amongst Pacific peoples living in South Auckland. Original studies determined echocardiographic rheumatic heart disease prevalence of 2.6% in children of Māori and Pacific ethnicity but in a population of almost 400 children from a low-incidence rheumatic fever region, no child had evidence of rheumatic heart disease. Using World Heart Federation Criteria, prevalence among young adults was 2.2% and prevalence in first degree relatives over iii twice the background population rates. Surgery for rheumatic heart disease was associated with high rates of complications and mortality, however morbidity and mortality was lower in those who underwent mitral valve repair as compared to mechanical valve replacement. Rheumatic heart disease is a predisposing factor for infective endocarditis in approximately 13% of New Zealand childhood endocarditis cases. Conclusions: Echocardiography detected a substantial burden of previously undiagnosed rheumatic heart disease in children and adults from high-incidence rheumatic fever populations in New Zealand. This, together with high morbidity and mortality associated with severe rheumatic heart disease, underscores the importance of focusing on rheumatic heart disease in addition to acute rheumatic fever in prevention and control efforts. These findings have contributed to an ongoing programme of local and international research to determine the utility of echocardiography as a tool for rheumatic heart disease case detection and control in high-risk populations.
by World Health Organization, Rheumatic Fever And Rheumatic Heart Disease Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rheumatic Fever And Rheumatic Heart Disease book, Rheumatic heart disease presents a major public health challenge (particularly for children) and major determinants are poverty, malnutrition, overcrowding, poor housing and a shortage of health-care resources. Although cost effective prevention and control strategies are available, they remain underused in most developing countries. This publication contains the report of a WHO expert consultation, held in Geneva in October 2001, which reviewed the current scientific knowledge of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease, as well as the medical and public health related practices. It suggests practical recommendations for an evidence-based approach to the prevention and management of the disease and for cost-effective programmes for their control.
by Mamdouh Moawad Ali, Rheumatic Fever And Rheumatic Heart Diseases In Children Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rheumatic Fever And Rheumatic Heart Diseases In Children book, Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an inflammatory disease of childhood that occurs following untreated group A streptococcal pharyngeal infections. Although it is well established that group A streptococcus is the sole etiologic agent of ARF, the pathogenesis and immune mechanisms are still not completely understood. In the pediatric population, ARF is the most common cause of acquired heart disease worldwide. This multi-systemic disorder can affect the heart, joints, skin and with the exception of the central nervous system, usually develops within 3 weeks after the preceding acute group A streptococcal pharyngitis. ARF remains highly prevalent in developing nations where crowding, poor hygiene and limited access to health care persist. Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart disease (RHD) are the most common rheumatic disease in children and young adults and remains a major public health problem in the developing countries, with high occurrence, while in developed countries the occurrence is very low. ARF is still the predominant form of morbidity among children in the developing countries.
by Angelo Taranta, Rheumatic Fever Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rheumatic Fever book, Today rheumatic fever is still the most common cause of heart disease in children and young adults in developing countries. This disease is typically associated with poverty, in particular with poor housing, overcrowding and inadequate medical care. Rheumatic fever has almost disappeared from economically developed countries; this trend has paralleled improvements in standards of living. However, the recent resurgence of rheumatic fever in middle-class families in the U. S. A. has re-emphasized the importance of this disease in the developed countries as well. Prevention and control of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease is an important part of the WHO cardiovascular disease program. Based on earlier WHO experience, and on the magnitude of the problem, it was realized that concerted action was needed to combat this significant cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The present program has been developed on the principle that sound knowledge and reliable technology already exist for implementing community programs for the prevention and control of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease with the intention of extending activities toward nationwide coverage. The first edition of this book was an excellent instrument to assist in the control of this disease. The present volume with dissemination of knowledge to health personnel will contribute to closing the gap between knowledge and implementation and it links with WHO's endeavors in prevention and control of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease.
by Angelo Taranta, Rheumatic Fever Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rheumatic Fever book, It has become commonplace to say that the decline of rheu matic fever in Europe and North America has little, if any thing, to do with medicine; but to conclude that efforts to control the disease are futile would be an error leading to what could be termed public health malpractice. The need for adequate treatment of patients suffering from acute rheu matic fever or chronic rheumatic valvular heart disease is obvious; but control also means prevention, and here, too, the need is obvious, if only to lighten the burden on health care, due especially to the treatment of patients with advanced forms of the disease. The feasibility of and justification for rheumatic fever control programmes in developing countries has been often questioned. A co-operative study co-ordinated by the World Health Organization has now demonstrated that systematic prevention of rheumatic fever recurrences not only benefits the patients concerned but also has economic advantages. Primary prevention by systematic penicillin treatment of all streptococcal throat infections is at present beyond the reach of many health care systems, and anti-streptococcal vac cination is still in the research phase. The mainstay of the combat against rheumatic heart disease thus remains 7 RHEUMATIC FEVER secondary prevention - the long-term monthly administ ration of penicillin injections to identified patients. This requires, among other things, that penicillin be available.
by mohamed mohamed" "thabet, Anticardiolipin Antibodies In Acute Rheumatic Fever And Chronic Rheumatic Heart Disease Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Anticardiolipin Antibodies In Acute Rheumatic Fever And Chronic Rheumatic Heart Disease book,