by , Infrastructure At The Crossroads Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Infrastructure At The Crossroads book, Infrastructure at the Crossroads brings together lessons from the last two decades of World Bank engagement in infrastructure. It analyzes trends in the Bank's infrastructure lending, describes the evolution of the external environment and the Bank's own strategic priorities, and presents lessons about project design and appraisal, poverty focus, private sector participation, environmental and social sustainability, the issue of corruption, and stakeholder communications.
by Florence Ebam Etta, At The Crossroads Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download At The Crossroads book, Considering that information and communication technology (ICT) policymaking, e-strategies, or indeed e-government implementations have a recent history in Africa, not many countries have fully developed working policies or extensive related experience in these areas. The short history of ICTs in Africa shows that in 2003 only about a third of African countries had developed ICT policies. Those countries that have tell of a long, tedious, and little understood process. Kenya is only one example. Some ICT historians assert, not without contention, that the first attempts at ICT policymaking in Kenya actually date back to the early 1990s. The process is ongoing: Kenya\2019s maiden draft ICT policy was made public in November 2004. This book, which presents experience from Kenya and other countries of East Africa, captures elements of both the process and the outcomes of ICT policymaking processes. With contributions from research projects, institutions, and spokespersons from Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, and Rwanda, this book shows what worked and what did not work. It will be a useful guide for countries and institutions that are contemplating their own ICT-policymaking exercise, and will be of interest to researchers, educators, and students in development studies, history, and comparative studies; development professionals specializing in social policy and ICTs; and decision-makers and policy advisors in research and development organizations worldwide.
by Michael Engel, Transnationale Regulierung Von Investitionen In Emerging Markets Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Transnationale Regulierung Von Investitionen In Emerging Markets book, Investitionen in Emerging Markets unterliegen regelmäßig einer transnationalen Regulierung durch institutionelle Fremdkapitalgeber. Rechtfertigung, Struktur und Auswirkungen dieser transnationalen Regulierung in Emerging Markets sind bislang kaum umfassend und übergreifend rechtswissenschaftlich untersucht worden, obwohl dem Themenkomplex hohe Relevanz zukommt. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht diesen Themenkomplex und kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass sich ein transnationales Recht herausgebildet hat, welches das regulatorische Umfeld von Investitionen in Emerging Markets determiniert und dadurch insbesondere einen erheblichen Einfluss auf die Transaktions- und Vertragsgestaltung hat. Es werden zunächst die rechtstheoretischen Grundlagen analysiert, welche von den Entwicklungsparadigmen geprägt sind. Es folgt eine rechtsdogmatische Analyse der relevanten Normebenen. Schließlich folgt eine Untersuchung der Auswirkungen auf die Transaktions- und Vertragsgestaltung.
by Matthew J Hoffmann, Climate Governance At The Crossroads Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Climate Governance At The Crossroads book, The global response to climate change has reached a critical juncture. Since the 1992 signing of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the nations of the world have attempted to address climate change through large-scale multilateral treaty-making. These efforts have been heroic, but disappointing. As evidence for the quickening pace of climate change mounts, the treaty-making process has sputtered, and many are now skeptical about the prospect of an effective global response. Yet global treaty-making is not the only way that climate change can be addressed or, indeed, is being addressed. In the last decade myriad initiatives have emerged across the globe independently from, or only loosely connected to, the "official" UN-sponsored negotiations and treaties. In the face of stalemate in the formal negotiations, the world is experimenting with alternate means of responding to climate change. Climate Governance at the Crossroads chronicles these innovations--how cities, provinces and states, citizen groups, and corporations around the globe are addressing the causes and symptoms of global warming. The center of gravity in the global response to climate change is shifting from the multilateral treaty-making process to the diverse activities found beyond the negotiating halls. These innovations are pushing the envelope of climate action and demonstrating what is possible, and they provide hope that the world will respond effectively to the climate crisis. In introducing climate governance "experiments" and examining the development and functioning of this new world of climate policy-making, this book provides an exciting new perspective on the politics of climate change and the means to understand and influence how the global response to climate change will unfold in the coming years.
by Axel Siedenberg, Ukraine At The Crossroads Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ukraine At The Crossroads book, Axel Siedenberg, Lutz Hoffmann 1 The specificity of transformation in Ukraine When the Soviet empire collapsed in the very early 1990s, the new era that dawned was commonly given the name 'transformation', implying the systemic change from socialism towards some form of market economy. Almost ten years later, 'the' transformation process does not exist any more; instead, a whole variety of transformations are taking place in Eastern Europe and the CIS: Whereas some countries are heading towards EU membership (e. g. Poland), others are still pondering on what economic system to adopt (e. g. Russia) and yet others have rejected a market-oriented transformation outright (e. g. Belarus). Within this variety of transformations, Ukraine clearly stands out as a specific case: Whilst initially considered to be one of the stronger post-Soviet Republics, it descended into economic depression in 1992 and has hardly recovered since; on the other hand, once considered to be a potential centre of ethnic unrest and political instability, it has turned into a democratic, peaceful civil society that is firmly establishing itself within the new European and world order. This book takes a critical look at economic reform in Ukraine as compared to other East European and CIS countries. Our hypothesis is that Ukraine is going through a transformation process peculiar to itself, which can be traced at both macroeconomic and microeconomic level.
by Bernhard K. Aichernig, Formal Methods At The Crossroads From Panacea To Foundational Support Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Formal Methods At The Crossroads From Panacea To Foundational Support book, This volume is devoted to the 10th Anniversary Colloquium of UNU/IIST, the International Institute for Software Technology of the United Nations University, as well as to the memory of Armando Haeberer, who passed away while he was working on the preparation of this book in February 2003. The volume starts with a special paper by Tom Maibaum recollecting Armando Haeberer's life and work. The second part presents work done by members of UNU/IIST as well as a paper on the history of the institute. The subsequent topical sections present key contributions by leading researchers and thus assess the state of the art in software engineering and its engineering and scientific principles, from models to software, real-time systems, and verification. All in all, the book is a unique survey of the power and potential of formal methods in software engineering.