by Ellen Brandner, Language Change And Generative Grammar Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Language Change And Generative Grammar book, In den letzten Jahren hat sich die generative Grammatik in Form des Prinzipien-Parameter-Modells verstärkt auch mit den diachronen Aspekten der Syntax einzelner Sprachen befaßt. Das neu erwachte Interesse an der Diachronie beruht zum Teil darauf, daß das P&P-Modell relativ starke Vorhersagen darüber macht, wie und in welchem Umfang syntaktischer Wandel überhaupt möglich ist.Ein Phänomen, das nicht nur in der diachronischen Betrachtung der germanischen und romanischen Sprachen eine zentrale Stellung einnimmt, ist das des sogenannten V/2. Dieser Thematik widmen sich alleine vier Beiträge aus verschiedenen theoretischen Perspektiven. Ein anderer Schwerpunkt ist die Genitivrektion im Alt- und Mittelhochdeutschen, die von den Autoren mit Faktoren wie Aspekt, Definitheit und Referenzeigenschaften in Verbindung gebracht wird. Andere Beiträge behandeln die morphologische Reduktion von Kasusendungen, die wiederum zu Änderungen in der Wortstellungen führt. In recent years, generative grammar has paid increasing attention to diachronic aspects of syntax, also because the Principles and Parameters approach makes rather strong predictions with respect to language change and possible variation. The V/2 phenomenon found in Germanic and in (old) Romance languages is discussed in several articles from various perspectives. Other contributions cover, among other things, the genitive in Old and Middle High German and morphological Case reduction and its consequences for word order.
by Georg Rehm, The German Language In The Digital Age Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The German Language In The Digital Age book, This white paper is part of a series that promotes knowledge about language technology and its potential. It addresses educators, journalists, politicians, language communities and others. The availability and use of language technology in Europe varies between languages. Consequently, the actions that are required to further support research and development of language technologies also differ for each language. The required actions depend on many factors, such as the complexity of a given language and the size of its community. META-NET, a Network of Excellence funded by the European Commission, has conducted an analysis of current language resources and technologies. This analysis focused on the 23 official European languages as well as other important national and regional languages in Europe. The results of this analysis suggest that there are many significant research gaps for each language. A more detailed expert analysis and assessment of the current situation will help maximise the impact of additional research and minimize any risks. META-NET consists of 54 research centres from 33 countries that are working with stakeholders from commercial businesses, government agencies, industry, research organisations, software companies, technology providers and European universities. Together, they are creating a common technology vision while developing a strategic research agenda that shows how language technology applications can address any research gaps by 2020.
by Dorottya Ruisz, Living Language Teaching Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Living Language Teaching book, Fremdsprachenunterricht unterliegt stetigem Wandel und zeigt immer neue Facetten. Living Language Teaching greift diesen Gedanken auf und richtet den Fokus auf fremdsprachenunterrichtliche Lehrwerke und Unterrichtsmaterialien in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart sowie deren Entwicklung und Einsatzmöglichkeiten. Das Autorenteam, das sechzehn Kolleginnen und Kollegen aus unterschiedlichen fremdsprachendidaktischen Disziplinen umfasst, bietet einen multiperspektivischen Zugang zum Thema. Im Vordergrund steht dabei die praktische Nutzung von Lehrwerken und Unterrichtsmaterialien in Schule und Hochschule.
by Lea Cyrus, Sprache Zwischen Theorie Und Technologie Language Between Theory And Technology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Sprache Zwischen Theorie Und Technologie Language Between Theory And Technology book, Der vorliegende Band versammelt Aufsätze rund um das Thema "Sprache", die meisten eher technischer, manche aber auch philologischer oder gar philosophischer Natur, alle jedoch bestrebt, einer Lösung der vielfältigen Rätsel, die uns das Phänomen "Sprache" aufgibt, auf die eine oder andere Art näher zu kommen. Er reflektiert somit auch die Vielfalt der wissenschaftlichen Aktivitäten und des Projektengagements Wolf Paprottés, dem dieser Band anlässlich seines 60. Geburtstages gewidmet ist.
by Heinrich Gottfried Ollendorff, A New Method Of Learning The German Language Translated From The Fifth French Edition By G I Bertinchamp Second Edition Revised By J D Haas Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A New Method Of Learning The German Language Translated From The Fifth French Edition By G I Bertinchamp Second Edition Revised By J D Haas book,
by Heinrich Godefroy Ollendorff, A New Method Of Learning To Read Write And Speak A Language In Six Months Adapted To The German Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A New Method Of Learning To Read Write And Speak A Language In Six Months Adapted To The German book,
by James Pankhurst, Learnability And Second Languages Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Learnability And Second Languages book, Language acquisition is a human endeavor par excellence. As children, all human beings learn to understand and speak at least one language: their mother tongue. It is a process that seems to take place without any obvious effort. Second language learning, particularly among adults, causes more difficulty. The purpose of this series is to compile a collection of high-quality monographs on language acquisition. The series serves the needs of everyone who wants to know more about the problem of language acquisition in general and/or about language acquisition in specific contexts.
by Sharon Kingen, Teaching Language Arts In Middle Schools Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Teaching Language Arts In Middle Schools book, This text is designed specifically to meet the needs of preservice teachers who have had little experience working in middle-grade classrooms. Three ideas are central: * teaching language arts at the middle level is a complex activity that demands expertise in the use of a variety of strategies, * reading and writing are key processes of language arts study, but so are speaking, listening, and viewing/visually representing, and * teaching the processes of effective communication is crucial, but middle school students must also begin to learn the content of the field--literature, language, and media. Teaching Language Arts in Middle Schools gives balanced attention to various teaching strategies, processes, and content, demonstrating how all of these connect to improve students' abilities to communicate. In this text: *Research and theory are summarized and applied to practice *A non-prescriptive approach is integrated with practical information *Debates in the field are acknowledged *Additional reading and research are emphasized *The author's voice and point of view are explicit
by Alison Sealey, Childly Language Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Childly Language book, Childly Language explores how attitudes and cultural assumptions about children and childhood are revealed in contemporary English. It addresses such questions as: How is concern for children's safety and welfare reflected in the vocabulary and grammar of contemporary English? and When we say that an adult is being 'childish', what are we saying about the characteristics of children?
by Reader in Applied Linguistics Vivian Cook, Language And Bilingual Cognition Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Language And Bilingual Cognition book, This volume provides a state-of-the-art overview of the relationship between language and cognition with a focus on bilinguals, bringing together contributions from international leading figures in various disciplines . It is essential reading for researchers and postgraduate students with an interest in language and cognition, or in bilingualism and second languages.
by Anita Pandey, Language Building Blocks Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Language Building Blocks book, Language Building Blocks is an accessible resource that familiarizes early childhood professionals with linguistics, the scientific study of language. Knowledge of linguistics will enable early childhood educators to successfully teach young children core competencies, ranging from phonemic awareness, reading and math, to health literacy and intercultural awareness. The text includes numerous real-life examples for diverse age groups and learning styles. The online Resource Guide provides hands-on activities and contributions by top scholars in the field. This resource shows teachers how to systematically empower and include all children. This teacher-friendly book: Provides an enhanced understanding of language and language acquisition, minimizing misdiagnoses of special needs.Makes language come alive for children and educators preparing for the Praxis Test.Demonstrates that children develop key skills when they can (dis)assemble language.Highlights approaches Dr. Seuss used to make reading fun for young readers.Offers innovative language and literacy observation and enhancement strategies, including multilingual math and literacy, language exploration, and play.Illustrates the value of observation, collaboration, and inquiry in early learning. “The great value of this resource is that it offers numerous 'bridging' reflections, strategies, and specific instructional interventions. It is a must for any educator that must understand the significant link between language and achievement in schooling contexts.” —From the Foreword by Eugene García “An extraordinarily informative, useful, and highly accessible tool for educators of young children of all language backgrounds. An excellent resource for teacher preparation and professional development.” —Dorothy S. Strickland, Samuel DeWitt Proctor Professor of Education, Emerita, Distinguished Research Fellow, National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER), Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey “Informativo! Educators must know how to break down language, how discourse mirrors culture, and how Spanish and other languages promote success in core content areas.” —Rossana Ramirez Boyd, President, National Association for Bilingual Education “A truly necessary guide to understanding language for early childhood teachers in today’s multicultural and multilingual world. Pandey clearly explains the fullness and potential of linguistic knowledge in teaching, honoring the role of the reflective teacher, and celebrating the uniqueness of young children and their languages worldwide.” —Debora B. Wisneski, University of Nebraska at Omaha, President, Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI) Anita Pandey is professor of linguistics and coordinator of Professional Communication in the Department of English and Language Arts at Morgan State University, Baltimore, Maryland.
by Bernard Spolsky, Challenges For Language Education And Policy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Challenges For Language Education And Policy book, Addressing a wide range of issues in applied linguistics, sociolinguistics, and multilingualism, this volume focuses on language users, the ‘people.’ Making creative connections between existing scholarship in language policy and contemporary theory and research in other social sciences, authors from around the world offer new critical perspectives for analyzing language phenomena and language theories, suggesting new meeting points among language users and language policy makers, norms, and traditions in diverse cultural, geographical, and historical contexts. Identifying and expanding on previously neglected aspects of language studies, the book is inspired by the work of Elana Shohamy, whose critical view and innovative work on a broad spectrum of key topics in applied linguistics has influenced many scholars in the field to think “out of the box” and to reconsider some basic commonly held understandings, specifically with regard to the impact of language and languaging on individual language users rather than on the masses.
by Peter Pericles Trifonas, Rethinking Heritage Language Education Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rethinking Heritage Language Education book, This collection presents new investigations into the role of heritage languages and the correlation between culture and language from a pedagogic and cosmopolitical point of view. Rethinking Heritage Language Education is an edited collection that brings together emerging and established researchers interested in the education field of Heritage Language Education to negotiate its concepts and practices, and investigate the correlation between culture and language from a pedagogic and cosmopolitical point of view. The scholars, who have contributed to the growth of Heritage Language Education as a discipline, reconsider and enrich their findings by drawing new lines across the boundaries of research and practice. It complements the previous work of these theorists, filling a void in the current literature around the question of Heritage Language Education.