by Richard Calichman, Overcoming Modernity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Overcoming Modernity book, In the summer of 1942 Japan's leading cultural authorities gathered in Tokyo to discuss the massive cultural, technological, and intellectual changes that had transformed Japan since the Meiji period. They feared that without a sufficient understanding of these developments, the Japanese people would lose their identity to the reckless and rapid process of modernization. The participants of this symposium hoped to settle the question of Japanese cultural identity at a time when their country was already at war with England and the United States. They presented papers and held roundtable discussions analyzing the effects of modernity from the diverse perspectives of literature, history, theology, film, music, philosophy, and science. Taken together, their work represents a complex portrait of intellectual discourse in wartime Japan, marked not only by a turn toward fascism but also by a profound sense of cultural crisis and anxiety. Overcoming Modernity is the first English translation of the symposium proceedings. Originally published in 1942, this material remains one of the most valuable documents of wartime Japanese intellectual history. Richard F. Calichman reproduces the entire proceedings and includes a critical introduction that provides thorough background of the symposium and its reception among postwar Japanese thinkers and critics. The aim of this conference was to go beyond facile and unreflective discussions concerning Japan's new spiritual order and examine more substantially the phenomenon of Japanese modernization and westernization. This does not mean, however, that a consensus was reached among the symposium's participants. Their tense debate reflects the problematic efforts within Japan, if not throughout the rest of the world at the time, to resolve the troubling issues of modernity.
by Yasuo Yuasa, Overcoming Modernity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Overcoming Modernity book, These last writings by Japanese philosopher Yuasa engage both Western and Eastern thought to reconsider modernity and offer an alternative, more holistic paradigm.
by Harry D. Harootunian, Overcome By Modernity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Overcome By Modernity book, In the decades between the two World Wars, Japan made a dramatic entry into the modern age, expanding its capital industries and urbanizing so quickly as to rival many long-standing Western industrial societies. How the Japanese made sense of the sudden transformation and the subsequent rise of mass culture is the focus of Harry Harootunian's fascinating inquiry into the problems of modernity. Here he examines the work of a generation of Japanese intellectuals who, like their European counterparts, saw modernity as a spectacle of ceaseless change that uprooted the dominant historical culture from its fixed values and substituted a culture based on fantasy and desire. Harootunian not only explains why the Japanese valued philosophical understandings of these events, often over sociological or empirical explanations, but also locates Japan's experience of modernity within a larger global process marked by both modernism and fascism. What caught the attention of Japanese thinkers was how the production of desire actually threatened historical culture. These intellectuals sought to "overcome" the materialism and consumerism associated with the West, particularly the United States. They proposed versions of a modernity rooted in cultural authenticity and aimed at infusing meaning into everyday life, whether through art, memory, or community. Harootunian traces these ideas in the works of Yanagita Kunio, Tosaka Jun, Gonda Yasunosuke, and Kon Wajiro, among others, and relates their arguments to those of such European writers as George Simmel, Siegfried Kracauer, Walter Benjamin, and Georges Bataille. Harootunian shows that Japanese and European intellectuals shared many of the same concerns, and also stresses that neither Japan's involvement with fascism nor its late entry into the capitalist, industrial scene should cause historians to view its experience of modernity as an oddity. The author argues that strains of fascism ran throughout most every country in Europe and in many ways resulted from modernizing trends in general. This book, written by a leading scholar of modern Japan, amounts to a major reinterpretation of the nature of Japan's modernity.
by Yoshimi Takeuchi, What Is Modernity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download What Is Modernity book, Yoshimi questioned the very nature of thought, arguing that thinking is less a subjective act than an opening to alterity. His works were central in drawing Japanese attention to the problems inherent in Western colonialism & to the cultural importance of Asia.
by Naoki Sakai, Overcoming Modernity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Overcoming Modernity book, This book aims to present the historical and political significance of literary and philosophical debates conducted in East Asia during the war years of the 1930s and 1940s. The volume includes seven essays, an introduction and a translation of the manifesto “Principles of Thought for a New Japan (1939),” based on which the vision of the East Asian Community was later put forth. Its perspective is decidedly transnational. In view of the current situation in East Asia, some essays in this volume will attempt a critical re-assessment of Area Studies, within the purview of which the majority of scholarship about the Japanese intellectual history of the interwar period, literary debates such as the symposium entitled Overcoming Modernity and the round-table discussion of “World History and the standpoint of Japan, as well as the Kyoto School of Philosophy have been conducted, both in English and Japanese, during the post World War II period. Furthermore, the book will situate the intellectual debates about the East Asian Community and the symposium 'Overcoming Modernity' in the global context of the 1930s.
by James W. Heisig, Rude Awakenings Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rude Awakenings book, "To many scholars in the world of religious studies, Zen is a world apart from the world of politics, and the philosophy of the Kyoto school is a politically neutral blend of intellectual traditions East and West, Buddhist and Christian. This volume challenges those assumptions by focusing on the question of nationalism in the work of Japanese Buddhist thinkers during and after the Pacific War. Fifteen Japanese and Western scholars offer a variety of critical perspectives concerning the political responsibility of intellectuals and the concrete historical consequences of working within a religious or philosophical tradition." "The first group of essays debates the role of Zen Buddhism in wartime Japan." "A second group of essays examines the political thought and activities of Nishida Kitaro, the doyen of the Kyoto school." "A third group of essays questions the complicity of other philosophers of the Kyoto school in the wartime spirit of nationalism and analyzes the ideas of modernity and the modern nation-state then current in Japan." "This carefully documented volume offers a wealth of information and reflection for those interested in prewar and wartime history, Zen, Japanese philosophy, and the problem of nationalism today."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved