Robert Redfield And The Development Of American Anthropology

Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology PDF
Author: Clifford Wilcox
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739117774
Size: 74.81 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 235
View: 6625

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Robert Redfield And The Development Of American Anthropology

by Clifford Wilcox, Robert Redfield And The Development Of American Anthropology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Robert Redfield And The Development Of American Anthropology book, Relying upon close readings of virtually all of his published and unpublished writings as well as extensive interviews with former colleagues and students, Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology traces the development of Robert Redfield's ideas regarding social change and the role of social science in American society. Clifford Wilcox's exploration of Redfield's pioneering efforts to develop an empirically based model of the transformation of village societies into towns and cities is intended to recapture the questions that drove early development of modernization theory. Reconsideration of these debates will enrich contemporary thinking regarding the history of American anthropology and international development



Social Anthropology

Social Anthropology PDF
Author: Clifford Wilcox
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351490567
Size: 79.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 7227

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Social Anthropology

by Clifford Wilcox, Social Anthropology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Social Anthropology book, Robert Redfield is remembered today primarily as an anthropologist, but during his lifetime Redfield's cross-disciplinary activity reflected a strong interest in infusing anthropological practice with sociological theory. Like a handful of other anthropologists, including A.R. Radcliffe-Brown and Bronislaw Malinowski, who shared his interests during the 1920s through 1930s, his works came to define a new subfield known as social anthropology.Redfield was distinct in being one of the first Americans to devote himself seriously to social anthropology, a field dominated initially by British scholars. He spent his career at the University of Chicago, and his anthropology bore the distinct mark of sociology as developed and practiced at that institution. Indeed, Redfield played a major role in defining what has been called the second Chicago school of sociology. This volume brings together Redfield's most important contributions to social anthropology.During the 1920s, sociology and anthropology constituted a single department at the University of Chicago. Although most students concentrated on sociology or anthropology, Redfield chose to pursue both fields with equal intensity. He adopted as his central interest the leading problematic of the 1920s: the study of social change. Chicago School sociologists approached social change by examining zones of rapid transition within the city, for example, areas populated by recently-arrived immigrants, with the goal of elucidating general principles or dynamics of social transition.Redfield's work can be seen as falling into three distinct theoretical categories: (1) the study of social change or modernization; (2) peasant studies; and (3), the comparative study of civilizations. Drawing from articles, book excerpts, and unpublished papers and letters, this work presents Redfield's central contributions in each of these areas. Seen as a whole, this volume traces Redfield's seminal contributions to the early development of mo



Doing Fieldwork

Doing Fieldwork PDF
Author: Robert A. Rubinstein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138522411
Size: 51.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 354
View: 2042

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Doing Fieldwork

by Robert A. Rubinstein, Doing Fieldwork Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Doing Fieldwork book, Prior to the 1930s the highlands of Guatemala were largely undescribed, except in travelogues. Just two decades later, the highlands had become one of the most anthropologically well-investigated areas of the world. This is largely due to the research that Robert Redfield and Sol Tax carried out between 1934 and 1941. Separately and together, Redfield and Tax anticipated and guided anthropological investigations of people living in peasant and urban communities in other areas of the world. Their work helped to define the major outlines of research in the 1970s, and since then much writing about the region has been formulated in critical response to the Redfield-Tax program. Not coincidentally, since the mid-1970s anthropology has been caught up in a wave of self-doubt about the status of fieldwork and the authority of ethnographic description. This critical stance has often cast ethnography as a creative, literary enterprise. This volume presents a timely view of the process of ethnography as carried out by two of its early practitioners. Containing a wealth of ethnographic detail, the book reveals how Redfield and Tax developed and tested ethnological hypotheses, and it allows us to follow the development of their major theoretical statements. The result is an exceptionally clear picture of the process of ethnography. Redfield and Tax emerge as rigorous and sensitive observers of social life whose observations bear importantly on contemporary understandings of the ethnology of Guatemala and the enterprise of anthropology. This book will be of interest to students of method and theory in ethnography, Latin Americanists, and other professionals interested in the history of idea.



Doing Fieldwork

Doing Fieldwork PDF
Author: Robert A. Rubinstein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351521918
Size: 65.53 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 354
View: 4538

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Doing Fieldwork

by Robert A. Rubinstein, Doing Fieldwork Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Doing Fieldwork book, Prior to the 1930s the highlands of Guatemala were largely undescribed, except in travelogues. Just two decades later, the highlands had become one of the most anthropologically well-investigated areas of the world. This is largely due to the research that Robert Redfield and Sol Tax carried out between 1934 and 1941. Separately and together, Redfield and Tax anticipated and guided anthropological investigations of people living in peasant and urban communities in other areas of the world. Their work helped to define the major outlines of research in the 1970s, and since then much writing about the region has been formulated in critical response to the Redfield-Tax program. Not coincidentally, since the mid-1970s anthropology has been caught up in a wave of self-doubt about the status of fieldwork and the authority of ethnographic description. This critical stance has often cast ethnography as a creative, literary enterprise. This volume presents a timely view of the process of ethnography as carried out by two of its early practitioners. Containing a wealth of ethnographic detail, the book reveals how Redfield and Tax developed and tested ethnological hypotheses, and it allows us to follow the development of their major theoretical statements. The result is an exceptionally clear picture of the process of ethnography. Redfield and Tax emerge as rigorous and sensitive observers of social life whose observations bear importantly on contemporary understandings of the ethnology of Guatemala and the enterprise of anthropology. This book will be of interest to students of method and theory in ethnography, Latin Americanists, and other professionals interested in the history of idea.



The Ethnographic Moment

The Ethnographic Moment PDF
Author: Robert Redfield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351321625
Size: 59.48 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 6887

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The Ethnographic Moment

by Robert Redfield, The Ethnographic Moment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Ethnographic Moment book, The first fifty years of the twentieth century were a time of ferment in American anthropology. American ethnographic work evolved from the "salvage" work of professionals affiliated with museums who undertook to document with artifacts and testimony the threatened traditional way of life among the Native American tribes, to the establishment of anthropology as a science, represented in university departments, that sought to describe the "ethnographic present" of isolated primitive peoples, often in distant parts of the world. By the beginning of the 1950s, cultural anthropology discovered the peasant. Robert Redfield, himself a leading figure in this paradigm shift, challenged anthropology's focus on a static model of the isolated primitive community, pointing out the dynamic nature of the "little communities" he studied in Mesoamerica. These were not isolated communities, but rather local, traditional cultures located well within the sphere of a complex urban culture. In order to distinguish the "great tradition" deriving from urban centers from the "little tradition" of a more primitive culture, Redfield believed anthropology needed to refer to other disciplines, such as theology, philosophy, economics, and sociology. In other words, anthropology had to develop from the collection of material artifacts to a concern with the immaterial realm of values and ideas. This collection of essays and previously unpublished papers, The Ethnographic Moment, tells the story of a remarkable chapter in Redfield's pioneering efforts on what was then an anthropological frontier. The present volume covers the years from 1952 to 1958, the last of Redfield's life. It focuses solely on his study of peasant communities. At the core of the book is his correspondence with the philosopher-humanist F. G. Friedmann, who played an important role in Redfield's conceptualization of the complex urban-rural continuum that characterizes the peasant's world. The volume also includes an autobiographical introduction by Friedmann that illuminates both his own writings and the humanistic background that motivated his study of peasantry.



Looking South

Looking South PDF
Author: Helen Delpar
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817354646
Size: 46.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 241
View: 1041

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Looking South

by Helen Delpar, Looking South Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Looking South book, A comprehensive, ambitious, and valuable work on an increasingly important subject In the Preface to her new study, Latin Americanist Helen Delpar writes, "Since the seventeenth century, Americans have turned their gaze toward the lands to the south, seeing in them fields for religious proselytization, economic enterprise, and military conquest." Delpar, consequently, aims her considerable gaze back at those Americans and the story behind their longtime fascination with Latin American culture. By visiting seminal works and the cultures from which they emerged, following the effects of changes in scholarly norms and political developments on the training of students, and evaluating generations of scholarship in texts, monographs, and journal articles, Delpar illuminates the growth of scholarly inquiry into Latin American history, anthropology, geography, political science, economics, sociology, and other social science disciplines.



Laboratorien Der Weltgeschichtsschreibung

Laboratorien der Weltgeschichtsschreibung PDF
Author: Katja Naumann
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647301744
Size: 56.39 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 542
View: 7208

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Laboratorien Der Weltgeschichtsschreibung

by Katja Naumann, Laboratorien Der Weltgeschichtsschreibung Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Laboratorien Der Weltgeschichtsschreibung book, Häufig entsteht der Eindruck, die weithin befürwortete nordamerikanische ›World History‹-Bewegung sei im späten 20. Jahrhundert, in Reaktion auf eine damals einsetzende Globalisierungswelle entstanden. Dagegen argumentiert Katja Naumann in ihrer Studie. Neue Interpretationen der Geschichte der Welt kamen schon nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg auf, als sich die USA neu in der Welt verortete. An den Universitäten Chicago, Columbia und Harvard wurde in den 1920er Jahren einerseits die historische Meistererzählung vom Aufstieg des Westens etabliert, andererseits Formen von Weltgeschichte konzipiert, die nicht eurozentrisch und universalistisch angelegt waren. Am College, in der Graduiertenausbildung wie in den Dissertationen löste sich das zuvor als Einheit gedachte Außereuropa auf. Zugleich begannen Historiker und Regionalwissenschaftler mit der empirischen Erforschung von Verflechtungen und Interdependenzen, gefördert durch die Stiftungen von Rockefeller, Ford und Carnegie. So sind bis in die 1960er Jahre Leitlinien und Themen der World History erarbeitet worden, wie wir sie heute kennen. Das Buch erzählt von diesem Prozess konzeptioneller Erneuerung, der sich inmitten der historischen Disziplin abspielte. Es gibt einen Einblick, wie sich die US-amerikanische Gesellschaft seit Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts globalisierte, und wie in diesem Zuge eine Tradition von Weltgeschichtsschreibung entstand.



Area Studies Revisited

Area Studies Revisited PDF
Author: Torsten Loschke
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647301752
Size: 34.80 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Fiction
Languages : de
Pages : 557
View: 771

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Area Studies Revisited

by Torsten Loschke, Area Studies Revisited Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Area Studies Revisited book, This book challenges the common notion of U.S. area studies as a powerful Cold War enterprise, created with massive help from philanthropic foundations as well as the government and exploited for strategic purposes of a superpower. Looking at the history of Latin American studies in the United States between the late 1930s and 1970s, the study focuses particularly on the role of funding policies, thereby developing an alternative narrative of the cycles and institutional development of area studies. The expansion of Latin American studies was characterized by a growing but fragile network of individual scholars, science managers, scholarly committees and university centers as well as funding agencies like the Rockefeller Foundation and the U.S. Office of Education, all of them trying to influence the fate of Latin American studies with their oftentimes conflicting political interests. Though foundations and government agencies pursued ambitious goals by funding area studies their influence was often severely limited by a lack of knowledge and resources, a frequent change of their funding priorities and not least by internal dynamics in universities. While the new concept of area studies became a powerful model for funding policies after 1945 Latin American studies programs were in fact characterized by a huge institutional variety and more often than not by a marginal and precarious position within their respective universities. Based on multi-archival research this book sheds new light on the history of area studies in the United States and thereby contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the study of world regions in an age of globalization.